Nepalese Journal of Zoology: central department of zoology

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Human-monkey interface in Arkhale and Nayagaun, Gulmi, West Nepal

Kulchandra Aryal and Mr. Mukesh Kumar Chalise

The ecology of existing monkey species in Arkhale and Nayagaun Village Development Committee of Gulmi district Nepal was studied with human versus monkey interface. Two species of monkeys, Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) and Hanuman Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) were found in study area. Monkey population was counted by direct observation. Four troops of rhesus monkey with a population of 128 and a troop of Hanuman Langur with 14 individuals were recorded. Rhesus monkey was considered most crops damaging (65% respondents) while physical hurt and harassment (27%) were also perceived monkey related problem in the study area. Shouting and chasing (30%) with using stone and catapult (24%) were the common local deterrent method against monkeys. Monkey problem was increasing (82% of respondents) in the area. Worth compensation (39%) would be the effective measure to reduce human-monkey conflict in the studied area. Both primary and secondary data were used for analysis. Quadrates were laid to explore the habitat and vegetation pattern of natural forest.

Key Words: Rhesus, Hanuman langur, conflict, remedial measures, Nepal

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